The world has entered an age in which chemical threats emanate not from a single source but from nature’s fury, human error, crime, cyberattacks, proliferation of sensitive technologies, illicit transfer of weapons, drugs, and terrorism. It only makes sense, accordingly, that chemical and environmental safety and security measures be as comprehensive and integrated as possible and applied globally. It is time to combine thinking with practical approaches to how to limit the consequences of natural or chemical disasters and deliberate acts. The traditional current chemical security governance systems and mechanisms as playing field and domain for states are becoming obsolete or inadequate since major challenges and threats are essentially non-state.
The ICCSS global chemical safety and security governance - global chemical governance - responds to new distribution of global, regional and local power which provides for new partnership relationships and introduction of global society approach. The non-state domain, especially business, industry, academia civil society and media, become partners and equal stakeholders of states and international organizations in meeting challenges of global chemical development and environmental threats.
ICCSS seeks Global Cooperation and Audience, as a founding principle, to develop and offer chemical-environmental safety and security and cybersecurity in the whole chain of chemical activities, support evaluation of chemical sector towards sustainability and reduce chemical threats locally, nationally, regionally and globally. Therefore ICCSS initiates and leads whole-society or whole-government partnerships, with emphasis on regional approach. ICCSS combines experience and capacities from whole range of CBRNE (Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, Explosives) and environmental protection. ICCSS synergizes these capacities, solutions and their implementation among States, international organisations, industries, civil society, and academia.
ICCSS has introduced Global Policy Guidelines by developing and promoting Global Declarations, starting fromTarnow Declaration 2012,Kielce Declaration 2016 and Shanghai Declaration 2017, on development of international cooperation to enhance chemical safety and security culture and promotion of sustainable chemistry and process safety. These guidelines provide foundations for cooperation in chem-bio and environmental safety and security and industrial cybersecurity. They initiated leading international ICCSS initiatives including global cooperation platform CHEMSS EDU R&D Network and ICCSS Global Team.
Global Chemical Safety Security Governance leading assumptions
Chemical governance action flows from international, national and local leadership to all of their partners, units and projects, to enable handling chemical safety, security and cybersecurity problems effectively. A fundamental principle of governance is realistic, sustainable improvement and integrated/harmonized approach.
ICCSS seeks global chemical safety security governance which provides for and requires regular attention to identify safety and security gaps and weaknesses local, nationally, regionally and globally. These actions should be taken on a rolling basis to address existing issues and new challenges that may arise. Continuous improvement demands that leadership and rank-and-file stakeholders and employees identify problems and challenges and address them proactively—not in response to an chemical or environmental disaster. Heading off trouble is far preferable to cleaning up afterward. The goal is to strengthen weak links for improving chemical safety and security culture without hampering operations and productivity.
Chemical Safety Security Governance Core Assumptions:
1. Chemical safety and security has growing relevance in international relations.
2. Existing legal requirements dedicated to global chemical safety and security management require review and changes to increase national and international security.
3. Infrastructural and technical solutions used in the implementation of tasks related to global governance in chemical safety and security are a more and more important instrument of security policies.
5. There are opportunities to improve the level of chemical safety and security by implementing global governance solutions.
6. The development of global governance in chemical safety and security will bring many political, military, ecological, economic, social and infrastructural benefits.
ICCSS Regional Approach
Each region poses different security challenges as well as opportunities. Different regions have their own cultural distinctiveness, and this is true even within regions. Many regions do not have the capacity to take on many of the existing chemical safety and security risks and challenges.
While developing and conducting program activities ICCSS devotes special efforts and attention to address chemical security problems from regional perspective. The regional approach allows the ICCSS to be flexible in its engagement and to promote chemical safety and security to be adjusted to different cultures, different perceptions of security, and the various priorities of nations in the region concerned.
Because of growing chemical security risks, ICCSS has identified and developed concrete programs for the regions of Eastern Europe and the Middle East, as priorities.
Within ICCSS implemented EU-CHEM-REACT program, financed by EU, Belarus, Ukraine and Moldova are engaged in the development of modern civil protection and chemical threat reduction.
Within the ICCSS led Jordan program on chemical safety and security, financed by US DTRA, Jordan developed a model chemical security national regulatory framework. The project development offers Jordan as regional hub for chemical safety and security.
ICCSS approach provides for engagement of regional leaders to explain and promote chemical security to their neighbors in a most effective way, including bilateral cooperation. Jordan and Ukraine, respectively, as regional leaders, encourage engagement by other countries to support and implement these efforts.